EQUA testing in action
EQUA Index testing in action
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EQUA Index findings in brief

  • Best-performing diesel engines emit as little NOas petrol
  • However, some Euro 6 powertrains pollute worse than some 10-year-old cars
  • Diesels could face heavy taxes and urban access restrictions despite emitting less NOxthan Euro 6 standards
  • Findings come as Chief Medical Officer calls for more transparent emissions policy


NEW DATA released by the EQUA Index, which is powered by Emissions Analytics, demonstrated that a number of diesel cars emit less NOx in the real-world than the Euro 6 regulatory limits, including the first testing under the new Real Driving Emissions (RDE) regulation.

These vehicles – 20 of which have been awarded the highest EQUA Aq ‘A’ or ‘A+’ rating – find that the best-performing diesel engines emit less than 80 mg/km, well within the 2.1 conformity factor limit of 168 mg/km.

The worst-performing 10% of diesels tested since January 2017 emitted 911 mg/km, whereas the best 10% emitted 61 mg/km.

The best Euro 4 diesel scored 402 mg/km, less than half the worst of the current crop of diesels. Across the Euro 5 and Euro 6 stages, the best 10% of diesel engines emitted 46% less NOx than the 10% dirtiest petrol vehicles.

Despite these findings, all diesel cars that have achieved an EQUA Aq ‘A’ or ‘A+’ rating will be placed in a higher VED band from April.

Under the change in legislation, announced in November, all diesel cars that have not been tested to RDE2 standards will move up a VED band. RDE is the official testing that measures a vehicle’s emissions in a ‘real world’ driving environment.

Brands that have met the highest A+ rating include Audi (Q2), BMW (3-, 5- and 7-Series), Mercedes-Benz (E-Class), Porsche (Panamera), SEAT  (Alhambra) and Volkswagen (Golf SV, Passat and Touran).

Brands that hit rock bottom with their Euro 6 engines – the lowest H rating, more than 12 times the Euro 6 limit – include BMW (X5), Fiat (500X), Infiniti (Q50), Nissan (Juke and Qashqai), Peugeot (308), Renault (Captur), SsangYong (Korrando) and Subaru (Outback).

The second step of RDE, or RDE2, which comes into force from 2020, will ensure than on-road measured emissions are no more than 50% more than the regulatory limit. No vehicles have yet been tested to the RDE2 standard, but some manufacturers may decide to certify to this level early.

Nick Molden, CEO and founder of Emissions Analytics, said:

“The most efficient diesel engines continue to improve while some of the worst remain on the market, meaning the confusion for consumers increases rather than diminishes. Diesel sales are falling as a result, and this may lead to cities and governments over-compensating and restricting diesels more than is justified by our evidence.

“The danger is that motorists who bought genuinely clean diesels – together with the manufacturers who made them – suffer the consequences of the general confusion and loss of confidence. We should be alert to the consequences for carbon dioxide and particle emissions as the new car market seems to be shifting back towards petrol cars.”

EQUA is designed to evaluate the performance of individual passenger cars across the European Union in terms of fuel economy and tailpipe emissions under real-world driving conditions.  The scheme assesses cars using objective performance criteria, recognising the best performers in emission levels through the ratings awarded.

The EQUA Index’s latest findings come as pressure grows on government and industry to take immediate, targeted action to improve air quality.

Recently, Professor Dame Sally Davies, the Chief Medical Officer for England, called for immediate action to address and avoid negative health impacts of pollution. In her annual report, the Chief Medical Officer recommended that government’s national standards for air pollutants should be increasingly stringent, while being transparent and easy for consumers to understand.

Meanwhile, local and national authorities are considering action to ban diesels. In Germany, a court ruled last week that cities that exceed air quality limits can ban older diesel cars without seeking authority from the national government. In contrast, the UK’s High Court last month ruled that the government’s current air quality plan needs further improvement to meet legal requirements.

The EQUA Index, which is cited in the Chief Medical Officer’s report, provides consumers with a simple way of understanding a car’s on-road NOx emissions. The Index awards every car on sale today an ‘A+’ to ‘H’ rating depending on the amount of NOx it produces in the real world, contributing towards a better understanding of the contributing factors of air pollution caused by engine emissions.

Download the latest EQUA Index findings here.

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